GitPython Tutorial

GitPython provides object model access to your git repository. This tutorial is composed of multiple sections, most of which explain a real-life use case.

All code presented here originated from to assure correctness. Knowing this should also allow you to more easily run the code for your own testing purposes. All you need is a developer installation of git-python.

Meet the Repo type

The first step is to create a git.Repo object to represent your repository.

from git import Repo

# rorepo is a Repo instance pointing to the git-python repository.
# For all you know, the first argument to Repo is a path to the repository you
# want to work with.
repo = Repo(self.rorepo.working_tree_dir)
assert not repo.bare

In the above example, the directory self.rorepo.working_tree_dir equals /Users/mtrier/Development/git-python and is my working repository which contains the .git directory. You can also initialize GitPython with a bare repository.

bare_repo = Repo.init(os.path.join(rw_dir, "bare-repo"), bare=True)
assert bare_repo.bare

A repo object provides high-level access to your data, it allows you to create and delete heads, tags and remotes and access the configuration of the repository.

repo.config_reader()  # Get a config reader for read-only access.
with repo.config_writer():  # Get a config writer to change configuration.
    pass  # Call release() to be sure changes are written and locks are released.

Query the active branch, query untracked files or whether the repository data has been modified.

assert not bare_repo.is_dirty()  # Check the dirty state.
repo.untracked_files  # Retrieve a list of untracked files.
# ['my_untracked_file']

Clone from existing repositories or initialize new empty ones.

cloned_repo = repo.clone(os.path.join(rw_dir, "to/this/path"))
assert cloned_repo.__class__ is Repo  # Clone an existing repository.
assert Repo.init(os.path.join(rw_dir, "path/for/new/repo")).__class__ is Repo

Archive the repository contents to a tar file.

with open(os.path.join(rw_dir, "repo.tar"), "wb") as fp:

Advanced Repo Usage

And of course, there is much more you can do with this type, most of the following will be explained in greater detail in specific tutorials. Don’t worry if you don’t understand some of these examples right away, as they may require a thorough understanding of git’s inner workings.

Query relevant repository paths …

assert os.path.isdir(cloned_repo.working_tree_dir)  # Directory with your work files.
assert cloned_repo.git_dir.startswith(cloned_repo.working_tree_dir)  # Directory containing the git repository.
assert bare_repo.working_tree_dir is None  # Bare repositories have no working tree.

Heads Heads are branches in git-speak. References are pointers to a specific commit or to other references. Heads and Tags are a kind of references. GitPython allows you to query them rather intuitively.

    repo.heads.master,  # head is a sym-ref pointing to master.
    "It's ok if TC not running from `master`.",
self.assertEqual(repo.tags["0.3.5"], repo.tag("refs/tags/0.3.5"))  # You can access tags in various ways too.
self.assertEqual(repo.refs.master, repo.heads["master"])  # .refs provides all refs, i.e. heads...

if "TRAVIS" not in os.environ:
    self.assertEqual(repo.refs["origin/master"], repo.remotes.origin.refs.master)  # ... remotes ...
self.assertEqual(repo.refs["0.3.5"], repo.tags["0.3.5"])  # ... and tags.

You can also create new heads …

new_branch = cloned_repo.create_head("feature")  # Create a new branch ...
assert cloned_repo.active_branch != new_branch  # which wasn't checked out yet ...
self.assertEqual(new_branch.commit, cloned_repo.active_branch.commit)  # pointing to the checked-out commit.
# It's easy to let a branch point to the previous commit, without affecting anything else.
# Each reference provides access to the git object it points to, usually commits.
assert new_branch.set_commit("HEAD~1").commit == cloned_repo.active_branch.commit.parents[0]

… and tags …

past = cloned_repo.create_tag(
    message="This is a tag-object pointing to %s" %,
self.assertEqual(past.commit, new_branch.commit)  # The tag points to the specified commit
assert past.tag.message.startswith("This is")  # and its object carries the message provided.

now = cloned_repo.create_tag("now")  # This is a tag-reference. It may not carry meta-data.
assert now.tag is None

You can traverse down to git objects through references and other objects. Some objects like commits have additional meta-data to query.

assert now.commit.message != past.commit.message
# You can read objects directly through binary streams, no working tree required.
assert (now.commit.tree / "VERSION")"ascii").startswith("3")

# You can traverse trees as well to handle all contained files of a particular commit.
file_count = 0
tree_count = 0
tree = past.commit.tree
for item in tree.traverse():
    file_count += item.type == "blob"
    tree_count += item.type == "tree"
assert file_count and tree_count  # We have accumulated all directories and files.
self.assertEqual(len(tree.blobs) + len(tree.trees), len(tree))  # A tree is iterable on its children.

Remotes allow to handle fetch, pull and push operations, while providing optional real-time progress information to progress delegates.

from git import RemoteProgress

class MyProgressPrinter(RemoteProgress):
    def update(self, op_code, cur_count, max_count=None, message=""):
            cur_count / (max_count or 100.0),
            message or "NO MESSAGE",

self.assertEqual(len(cloned_repo.remotes), 1)  # We have been cloned, so should be one remote.
self.assertEqual(len(bare_repo.remotes), 0)  # This one was just initialized.
origin = bare_repo.create_remote("origin", url=cloned_repo.working_tree_dir)
assert origin.exists()
for fetch_info in origin.fetch(progress=MyProgressPrinter()):
    print("Updated %s to %s" % (fetch_info.ref, fetch_info.commit))
# Create a local branch at the latest fetched master. We specify the name
# statically, but you have all information to do it programmatically as well.
bare_master = bare_repo.create_head("master", origin.refs.master)
assert not bare_repo.delete_remote(origin).exists()
# push and pull behave very similarly.

The index is also called stage in git-speak. It is used to prepare new commits, and can be used to keep results of merge operations. Our index implementation allows to stream date into the index, which is useful for bare repositories that do not have a working tree.

self.assertEqual(new_branch.checkout(), cloned_repo.active_branch)  # Checking out branch adjusts the wtree.
self.assertEqual(new_branch.commit, past.commit)  # Now the past is checked out.

new_file_path = os.path.join(cloned_repo.working_tree_dir, "my-new-file")
open(new_file_path, "wb").close()  # Create new file in working tree.
cloned_repo.index.add([new_file_path])  # Add it to the index.
# Commit the changes to deviate masters history.
cloned_repo.index.commit("Added a new file in the past - for later merge")

# Prepare a merge.
master = cloned_repo.heads.master  # Right-hand side is ahead of us, in the future.
merge_base = cloned_repo.merge_base(new_branch, master)  # Allows for a three-way merge.
cloned_repo.index.merge_tree(master, base=merge_base)  # Write the merge result into index.
    "Merged past and now into future ;)",
    parent_commits=(new_branch.commit, master.commit),

# Now new_branch is ahead of master, which probably should be checked out and reset softly.
# Note that all these operations didn't touch the working tree, as we managed it ourselves.
# This definitely requires you to know what you are doing! :)
assert os.path.basename(new_file_path) in new_branch.commit.tree  # New file is now in tree.
master.commit = new_branch.commit  # Let master point to most recent commit.
cloned_repo.head.reference = master  # We adjusted just the reference, not the working tree or index.

Submodules represent all aspects of git submodules, which allows you query all of their related information, and manipulate in various ways.

# Create a new submodule and check it out on the spot, setup to track master
# branch of `bare_repo`. As our GitPython repository has submodules already that
# point to GitHub, make sure we don't interact with them.
for sm in cloned_repo.submodules:
    assert not sm.remove().exists()  # after removal, the sm doesn't exist anymore
sm = cloned_repo.create_submodule("mysubrepo", "path/to/subrepo", url=bare_repo.git_dir, branch="master")

# .gitmodules was written and added to the index, which is now being committed.
cloned_repo.index.commit("Added submodule")
assert sm.exists() and sm.module_exists()  # This submodule is definitely available.
sm.remove(module=True, configuration=False)  # Remove the working tree.
assert sm.exists() and not sm.module_exists()  # The submodule itself is still available.

# Update all submodules, non-recursively to save time. This method is very powerful, go have a look.
assert sm.module_exists()  # The submodule's working tree was checked out by update.

Examining References

References are the tips of your commit graph from which you can easily examine the history of your project.

import git

repo = git.Repo.clone_from(self._small_repo_url(), os.path.join(rw_dir, "repo"), branch="master")

heads = repo.heads
master = heads.master  # Lists can be accessed by name for convenience.
master.commit  # the commit pointed to by head called master.
master.rename("new_name")  # Rename heads.

Tags are (usually immutable) references to a commit and/or a tag object.

tags = repo.tags
tagref = tags[0]
tagref.tag  # Tags may have tag objects carrying additional information
tagref.commit  # but they always point to commits.
repo.delete_tag(tagref)  # Delete or
repo.create_tag("my_tag")  # create tags using the repo for convenience.

A symbolic reference is a special case of a reference as it points to another reference instead of a commit.

head = repo.head  # The head points to the active branch/ref.
master = head.reference  # Retrieve the reference the head points to.
master.commit  # From here you use it as any other reference.

Access the reflog easily.

log = master.log()
log[0]  # first (i.e. oldest) reflog entry
log[-1]  # last (i.e. most recent) reflog entry

Modifying References

You can easily create and delete reference types or modify where they point to.

new_branch = repo.create_head("new")  # Create a new one.
new_branch.commit = "HEAD~10"  # Set branch to another commit without changing index or working trees.
repo.delete_head(new_branch)  # Delete an existing head - only works if it is not checked out.

Create or delete tags the same way except you may not change them afterwards.

new_tag = repo.create_tag("my_new_tag", message="my message")
# You cannot change the commit a tag points to. Tags need to be re-created.
self.assertRaises(AttributeError, setattr, new_tag, "commit", repo.commit("HEAD~1"))

Change the symbolic reference to switch branches cheaply (without adjusting the index or the working tree).

new_branch = repo.create_head("another-branch")
repo.head.reference = new_branch

Understanding Objects

An Object is anything storable in git’s object database. Objects contain information about their type, their uncompressed size as well as the actual data. Each object is uniquely identified by a binary SHA1 hash, being 20 bytes in size, or 40 bytes in hexadecimal notation.

Git only knows 4 distinct object types being Blobs, Trees, Commits and Tags.

In GitPython, all objects can be accessed through their common base, can be compared and hashed. They are usually not instantiated directly, but through references or specialized repository functions.

hc = repo.head.commit
hct = hc.tree
assert hc != hct
assert hc != repo.tags[0]
assert hc == repo.head.reference.commit

Common fields are …

self.assertEqual(hct.type, "tree")  # Preset string type, being a class attribute.
assert hct.size > 0  # size in bytes
assert len(hct.hexsha) == 40
assert len(hct.binsha) == 20

Index objects are objects that can be put into git’s index. These objects are trees, blobs and submodules which additionally know about their path in the file system as well as their mode.

self.assertEqual(hct.path, "")  # Root tree has no path.
assert hct.trees[0].path != ""  # The first contained item has one though.
self.assertEqual(hct.mode, 0o40000)  # Trees have the mode of a Linux directory.
self.assertEqual(hct.blobs[0].mode, 0o100644)  # Blobs have specific mode, comparable to a standard Linux fs.

Access blob data (or any object data) using streams.

hct.blobs[0]  # Stream object to read data from.
hct.blobs[0].stream_data(open(os.path.join(rw_dir, "blob_data"), "wb"))  # Write data to a given stream.

The Commit object

Commit objects contain information about a specific commit. Obtain commits using references as done in Examining References or as follows.

Obtain commits at the specified revision


Iterate 50 commits, and if you need paging, you can specify a number of commits to skip.

fifty_first_commits = list(repo.iter_commits("master", max_count=50))
assert len(fifty_first_commits) == 50
# This will return commits 21-30 from the commit list as traversed backwards master.
ten_commits_past_twenty = list(repo.iter_commits("master", max_count=10, skip=20))
assert len(ten_commits_past_twenty) == 10
assert fifty_first_commits[20:30] == ten_commits_past_twenty

A commit object carries all sorts of meta-data

headcommit = repo.head.commit
assert len(headcommit.hexsha) == 40
assert len(headcommit.parents) > 0
assert headcommit.tree.type == "tree"
assert len( != 0
assert isinstance(headcommit.authored_date, int)
assert len( != 0
assert isinstance(headcommit.committed_date, int)
assert headcommit.message != ""

Note: date time is represented in a seconds since epoch format. Conversion to human readable form can be accomplished with the various time module methods.

import time

time.strftime("%a, %d %b %Y %H:%M", time.gmtime(headcommit.committed_date))

You can traverse a commit’s ancestry by chaining calls to parents

assert headcommit.parents[0].parents[0].parents[0] == repo.commit("master^^^")

The above corresponds to master^^^ or master~3 in git parlance.

The Tree object

A tree records pointers to the contents of a directory. Let’s say you want the root tree of the latest commit on the master branch

tree = repo.heads.master.commit.tree
assert len(tree.hexsha) == 40

Once you have a tree, you can get its contents

assert len(tree.trees) > 0  # Trees are subdirectories.
assert len(tree.blobs) > 0  # Blobs are files.
assert len(tree.blobs) + len(tree.trees) == len(tree)

It is useful to know that a tree behaves like a list with the ability to query entries by name

self.assertEqual(tree["smmap"], tree / "smmap")  # Access by index and by sub-path.
for entry in tree:  # Intuitive iteration of tree members.
blob = tree.trees[1].blobs[0]  # Let's get a blob in a sub-tree.
assert len(blob.path) < len(blob.abspath)
self.assertEqual(tree.trees[1].name + "/" +, blob.path)  # This is how relative blob path generated.
self.assertEqual(tree[blob.path], blob)  # You can use paths like 'dir/file' in tree,

There is a convenience method that allows you to get a named sub-object from a tree with a syntax similar to how paths are written in a posix system

assert tree / "smmap" == tree["smmap"]
assert tree / blob.path == tree[blob.path]

You can also get a commit’s root tree directly from the repository

# This example shows the various types of allowed ref-specs.
assert repo.tree() == repo.head.commit.tree
past = repo.commit("HEAD~5")
assert repo.tree(past) == repo.tree(past.hexsha)
self.assertEqual(repo.tree("v0.8.1").type, "tree")  # Yes, you can provide any refspec - works everywhere.

As trees allow direct access to their intermediate child entries only, use the traverse method to obtain an iterator to retrieve entries recursively

assert len(tree) < len(list(tree.traverse()))


If trees return Submodule objects, they will assume that they exist at the current head’s commit. The tree it originated from may be rooted at another commit though, that it doesn’t know. That is why the caller would have to set the submodule’s owning or parent commit using the set_parent_commit(my_commit) method.

The Index Object

The git index is the stage containing changes to be written with the next commit or where merges finally have to take place. You may freely access and manipulate this information using the IndexFile object. Modify the index with ease

index = repo.index
# The index contains all blobs in a flat list.
assert len(list(index.iter_blobs())) == len([o for o in repo.head.commit.tree.traverse() if o.type == "blob"])
# Access blob objects.
for (_path, _stage), _entry in index.entries.items():
new_file_path = os.path.join(repo.working_tree_dir, "new-file-name")
open(new_file_path, "w").close()
index.add([new_file_path])  # Add a new file to the index.
index.remove(["LICENSE"])  # Remove an existing one.
assert os.path.isfile(os.path.join(repo.working_tree_dir, "LICENSE"))  # Working tree is untouched.

self.assertEqual(index.commit("my commit message").type, "commit")  # Commit changed index.
repo.active_branch.commit = repo.commit("HEAD~1")  # Forget last commit.

from git import Actor

author = Actor("An author", "")
committer = Actor("A committer", "")
# Commit with a commit message, author, and committer.
index.commit("my commit message", author=author, committer=committer)

Create new indices from other trees or as result of a merge. Write that result to a new index file for later inspection.

from git import IndexFile

# Load a tree into a temporary index, which exists just in memory.
IndexFile.from_tree(repo, "HEAD~1")
# Merge two trees three-way into memory...
merge_index = IndexFile.from_tree(repo, "HEAD~10", "HEAD", repo.merge_base("HEAD~10", "HEAD"))
# ...and persist it.
merge_index.write(os.path.join(rw_dir, "merged_index"))

Handling Remotes

Remotes are used as alias for a foreign repository to ease pushing to and fetching from them

empty_repo = git.Repo.init(os.path.join(rw_dir, "empty"))
origin = empty_repo.create_remote("origin", repo.remotes.origin.url)
assert origin.exists()
assert origin == empty_repo.remotes.origin == empty_repo.remotes["origin"]
origin.fetch()  # Ensure we actually have data. fetch() returns useful information.
# Set up a local tracking branch of a remote branch.
empty_repo.create_head("master", origin.refs.master)  # Create local branch "master" from remote "master".
empty_repo.heads.master.set_tracking_branch(origin.refs.master)  # Set local "master" to track remote "master.
empty_repo.heads.master.checkout()  # Check out local "master" to working tree.
# Three above commands in one:
empty_repo.create_head("master", origin.refs.master).set_tracking_branch(origin.refs.master).checkout()
# Rename remotes.
# Push and pull behaves similarly to `git push|pull`.
origin.push()  # Attempt push, ignore errors.
origin.push().raise_if_error()  # Push and raise error if it fails.
# assert not empty_repo.delete_remote(origin).exists()     # Create and delete remotes.

You can easily access configuration information for a remote by accessing options as if they were attributes. The modification of remote configuration is more explicit though.

assert origin.url == repo.remotes.origin.url
with origin.config_writer as cw:
    cw.set("pushurl", "other_url")

# Please note that in Python 2, writing origin.config_writer.set(...) is totally
# safe. In py3 __del__ calls can be delayed, thus not writing changes in time.

You can also specify per-call custom environments using a new context manager on the Git command, e.g. for using a specific SSH key. The following example works with git starting at v2.3:

ssh_cmd = 'ssh -i id_deployment_key'
with repo.git.custom_environment(GIT_SSH_COMMAND=ssh_cmd):

This one sets a custom script to be executed in place of ssh, and can be used in git prior to v2.3:

ssh_executable = os.path.join(rw_dir, '')
with repo.git.custom_environment(GIT_SSH=ssh_executable):

Here’s an example executable that can be used in place of the ssh_executable above:

exec /usr/bin/ssh -o StrictHostKeyChecking=no -i $ID_RSA "$@"

Please note that the script must be executable (i.e. chmod +x StrictHostKeyChecking=no is used to avoid prompts asking to save the hosts key to ~/.ssh/known_hosts, which happens in case you run this as daemon.

You might also have a look at Git.update_environment(…) in case you want to setup a changed environment more permanently.

Submodule Handling

Submodules can be conveniently handled using the methods provided by GitPython, and as an added benefit, GitPython provides functionality which behave smarter and less error prone than its original c-git implementation, that is GitPython tries hard to keep your repository consistent when updating submodules recursively or adjusting the existing configuration.

repo = self.rorepo
sms = repo.submodules

assert len(sms) == 1
sm = sms[0]
self.assertEqual(, "gitdb")  # GitPython has gitdb as its one and only (direct) submodule...
self.assertEqual(sm.children()[0].name, "smmap")  # ...which has smmap as its one and only submodule.

# The module is the repository referenced by the submodule.
assert sm.module_exists()  # The module is available, which doesn't have to be the case.
assert sm.module().working_tree_dir.endswith("gitdb")
# The submodule's absolute path is the module's path.
assert sm.abspath == sm.module().working_tree_dir
self.assertEqual(len(sm.hexsha), 40)  # Its sha defines the commit to check out.
assert sm.exists()  # Yes, this submodule is valid and exists.
# Read its configuration conveniently.
assert sm.config_reader().get_value("path") == sm.path
self.assertEqual(len(sm.children()), 1)  # Query the submodule hierarchy.

In addition to the query functionality, you can move the submodule’s repository to a different path <move(...)>, write its configuration <config_writer().set_value(...).release()>, update its working tree <update(...)>, and remove or add them <remove(...), add(...)>.

If you obtained your submodule object by traversing a tree object which is not rooted at the head’s commit, you have to inform the submodule about its actual commit to retrieve the data from by using the set_parent_commit(...) method.

The special RootModule type allows you to treat your superproject (master repository) as root of a hierarchy of submodules, which allows very convenient submodule handling. Its update(...) method is reimplemented to provide an advanced way of updating submodules as they change their values over time. The update method will track changes and make sure your working tree and submodule checkouts stay consistent, which is very useful in case submodules get deleted or added to name just two of the handled cases.

Additionally, GitPython adds functionality to track a specific branch, instead of just a commit. Supported by customized update methods, you are able to automatically update submodules to the latest revision available in the remote repository, as well as to keep track of changes and movements of these submodules. To use it, set the name of the branch you want to track to the submodule.$name.branch option of the .gitmodules file, and use GitPython update methods on the resulting repository with the to_latest_revision parameter turned on. In the latter case, the sha of your submodule will be ignored, instead a local tracking branch will be updated to the respective remote branch automatically, provided there are no local changes. The resulting behaviour is much like the one of svn::externals, which can be useful in times.

Obtaining Diff Information

Diffs can generally be obtained by subclasses of Diffable as they provide the diff method. This operation yields a DiffIndex allowing you to easily access diff information about paths.

Diffs can be made between the Index and Trees, Index and the working tree, trees and trees as well as trees and the working copy. If commits are involved, their tree will be used implicitly.

hcommit = repo.head.commit
hcommit.diff()  # diff tree against index.
hcommit.diff("HEAD~1")  # diff tree against previous tree.
hcommit.diff(None)  # diff tree against working tree.

index = repo.index
index.diff()  # diff index against itself yielding empty diff.
index.diff(None)  # diff index against working copy.
index.diff("HEAD")  # diff index against current HEAD tree.

The item returned is a DiffIndex which is essentially a list of Diff objects. It provides additional filtering to ease finding what you might be looking for.

# Traverse added Diff objects only
for diff_added in hcommit.diff("HEAD~1").iter_change_type("A"):

Use the diff framework if you want to implement git-status like functionality.

  • A diff between the index and the commit’s tree your HEAD points to

  • use repo.index.diff(repo.head.commit)

  • A diff between the index and the working tree

  • use repo.index.diff(None)

  • A list of untracked files

  • use repo.untracked_files

Switching Branches

To switch between branches similar to git checkout, you effectively need to point your HEAD symbolic reference to the new branch and reset your index and working copy to match. A simple manual way to do it is the following one

# Reset our working tree 10 commits into the past.
past_branch = repo.create_head("past_branch", "HEAD~10")
repo.head.reference = past_branch
assert not repo.head.is_detached
# Reset the index and working tree to match the pointed-to commit.
repo.head.reset(index=True, working_tree=True)

# To detach your head, you have to point to a commit directly.
repo.head.reference = repo.commit("HEAD~5")
assert repo.head.is_detached
# Now our head points 15 commits into the past, whereas the working tree
# and index are 10 commits in the past.

The previous approach would brutally overwrite the user’s changes in the working copy and index though and is less sophisticated than a git-checkout. The latter will generally prevent you from destroying your work. Use the safer approach as follows.

# Check out the branch using git-checkout.
# It will fail as the working tree appears dirty.
self.assertRaises(git.GitCommandError, repo.heads.master.checkout)

Initializing a repository

In this example, we will initialize an empty repository, add an empty file to the index, and commit the change.

import git

repo_dir = os.path.join(rw_dir, "my-new-repo")
file_name = os.path.join(repo_dir, "new-file")

r = git.Repo.init(repo_dir)
# This function just creates an empty file.
open(file_name, "wb").close()
r.index.commit("initial commit")

Please have a look at the individual methods as they usually support a vast amount of arguments to customize their behavior.

Using git directly

In case you are missing functionality as it has not been wrapped, you may conveniently use the git command directly. It is owned by each repository instance.

git = repo.git
git.checkout("HEAD", b="my_new_branch")  # Create a new branch.
git.branch("-D", "another-new-one")  # Pass strings for full control over argument order.
git.for_each_ref()  # '-' becomes '_' when calling it.

The return value will by default be a string of the standard output channel produced by the command.

Keyword arguments translate to short and long keyword arguments on the command-line. The special notion git.command(flag=True) will create a flag without value like command --flag.

If None is found in the arguments, it will be dropped silently. Lists and tuples passed as arguments will be unpacked recursively to individual arguments. Objects are converted to strings using the str(...) function.

Object Databases

git.Repo instances are powered by its object database instance which will be used when extracting any data, or when writing new objects.

The type of the database determines certain performance characteristics, such as the quantity of objects that can be read per second, the resource usage when reading large data files, as well as the average memory footprint of your application.


The GitDB is a pure-python implementation of the git object database. It is the default database to use in GitPython 0.3. It uses less memory when handling huge files, but will be 2 to 5 times slower when extracting large quantities of small objects from densely packed repositories:

repo = Repo("path/to/repo", odbt=GitDB)


The git command database uses persistent git-cat-file instances to read repository information. These operate very fast under all conditions, but will consume additional memory for the process itself. When extracting large files, memory usage will be much higher than GitDB:

repo = Repo("path/to/repo", odbt=GitCmdObjectDB)

Git Command Debugging and Customization

Using environment variables, you can further adjust the behaviour of the git command.


  • If set to non-0, all executed git commands will be shown as they happen

  • If set to full, the executed git command _and_ its entire output on stdout and stderr will be shown as they happen

NOTE: All logging is outputted using a Python logger, so make sure your program is configured to show INFO-level messages. If this is not the case, try adding the following to your program:

import logging

  • If set, it should contain the full path to the git executable, e.g. c:\Program Files (x86)\Git\bin\git.exe on windows or /usr/bin/git on linux.

And even more …

There is more functionality in there, like the ability to archive repositories, get stats and logs, blame, and probably a few other things that were not mentioned here.

Check the unit tests for an in-depth introduction on how each function is supposed to be used.